Peanut oil

The underestimated super oil

Peanut oil has a high content of unsaturated fatty acids. The smoke point of peanut oil is about 160 °C, that of refined peanut oil about 207 °C.

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Our Peanut oil qualities

We carry Peanut oil in the following qualities for you

Peanut oil cold pressed

Peanut oil cold pressed

Peanut oil pressed toasted

Peanut oil pressed toasted

Organic peanut oil cold pressed

Organic peanut oil cold pressed

Organic peanut oil refined Ph. Eur.

Organic peanut oil refined Ph. Eur.

Usage

 Öle & Fette für die Kosmetikindustrie
Cosmetics
Öle & Fette für die Lebensmittelindustrie
Food
Öle & Fette für die Pharmaindustrie
Pharmaceutics
Peanut oil cold pressed  
Peanut oil pressed toasted    
Peanut oil refined Ph. Eur.
Organic peanut oil cold pressed  
Organic peanut oil refined Ph. Eur.  
INCI name: Arachis Hypogaea Oil
CAS number: 8002-03-7
Botanical name: Arachis hypogaea L.

Peanut plant & peanut

Peanut oil is obtained from the shelled seeds of Arachis hypogaea L. Like beans and peas, peanuts belong to the legume family (Fabaceae or Leguminosae). The name "peanut", which means "pea-nut", also indicates this relationship. The peanut is a subfamily of the papilionaceous plants (Faboideae). Since its fruits ripen in the earth, in contrast to those of the other papilionaceous plants, do not open but remain closed, the fruits are simply called nuts in common parlance. In contrast to most other legumes, peanuts are edible raw.

The peanut plant is an annual herbaceous plant and grows between 40 and 80 cm high. It usually forms a distinctive taproot about 50 cm long and numerous side shoots which, depending on the subspecies, are either upright or creeping. The foliage is pinnate and consists of four individual leaves. Development and fruit formation take about 180 days. During the one to two-month flowering period, new yellow flowers or clusters of flowers constantly open in the leaf axils. When their flowers have wilted, the flower stems become longer, bend downwards and grow back into the earth. There, in the darkness of the earth, the seeds develop into fruits, the peanuts. The peanut growing underground reaches a length of 2 to 6 cm. The diameter is one to one and a half centimeters.

The peanut plant does not tolerate frost. Today, peanut is grown in warm areas all over the world.

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Cultivation & yield

The main countries of cultivation and also the main exporters of peanuts are the USA, Argentina, Sudan, Senegal and Brazil. The exports of these five countries together account for more than 70% of total world peanut exports. Two major producers of peanuts are China and India. However, these two countries use their peanut production mainly to meet domestic demand and play a minor role in exports. The main peanut importing countries are the European Union, Canada and Japan.

For harvesting, the entire plant is removed from the ground. The fruits are removed from the root ball and cleaned. The fruit is dried for 2-4 weeks to reduce the water content from 40% to 5% to 7%. In warm countries this is done by air drying outdoors. After drying, the nuts are threshed or crushed and, if necessary, peeled before they are pressed into peanut oil. The seeds contain about 45 % oil.

Background / History

The wild form of peanuts, which was already domesticated in the Andes of Colombia around 3000-2000 BC, probably originates from Brazil and was first described in 1547 by the Spanish Oviedo. In the 16th century it reached Africa with the slave trade. It was then exported to India, the Philippines and China. Only in the 19th century the peanut gained importance in Europe. Its original home is South America. The Incas living there gave their dead people peanuts to their graves, probably so that they had something to eat in the afterlife. The natives gave the peanut the name "tlacacáhuatl" (Nahuatl means "cocoa bean of the earth"). This is still the origin of the French and Spanish names for peanuts, cacahuète and cacahuete.

Our packaging

25,000 kg
Tank truck

900 kg
IBC

190 kg
Drum

27 kg
Canister


General durability: IBC & canister 6 months, drum 18 months

Nutritional values & composition

Nutritional value(per 100 g)
Energy3700 kJ / 900 kcal
Fat100 g
Saturated fatty acids19 g
Monounsaturated fatty acids61 g
Polyunsaturated fatty acids20 g

Fatty acid ratio

Composition

C16:0 Palmitic acid5 – 14 %
C18:1 Oleic acid35 – 76 %
C18:2 Linoleic acid8 – 43 %

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