Coconut oil

The special oil from the tropics

Coconut oil contains mainly the saturated fatty acids caprylic, lauric and myristic acid. It smells mild and fresh with a slight coconut note. It is usually deodorized to achieve a neutral taste.

Whether "oil" or "fat" is a question of point of view - in Europe it is more likely to be considered fat, in its tropical countries of origin more likely to be oil, as the melting point of coconut oil/coconut fat is 28°C.

Coconut oil
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Our Coconut oil qualities

We carry Coconut oil in the following qualities for you


  Öle & Fette für die Kosmetikindustrie
Öle & Fette für die Lebensmittelindustrie
Öle & Fette für die Pharmaindustrie
Coconut oil refined Ph. Eur.
Coconut oil hydrogenated
Organic coconut oil refined
Organic coconut oil virgin
INCI name: Cocos Nucifera Oil
CAS number: 8001-31-8
Botanical name: Cocos nucifera

Coconut palm & coconut

The coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) belongs to the palm family and has been cultivated for over 3000 years. The fully-grown palms can grow up to a height of 20 - 25 m, occasionally even higher. The completely unbranched trunks do not bear a crown, but a dense crest with large leaves. The crest can consist of up to 30 pinnate leaves, which can be between 3 and 7 m long. A coconut palm tree flowers continuously throughout the year, once it has reached an age of 6 to 7 years. It forms inflorescences with up to 40 female and 10,000 male flowers. Pollination can be carried out by insects or by the wind. For this reason, the coconut palm also carries coconuts of different stages of ripeness throughout the year. The coconut, which is botanically a stone fruit, is surrounded by a thick, leathery layer of fibers. Therefore, the whole fruit is between 20 and 30 cm long and weighs about 1 – 2.5 kg.

The triangular, head-sized, still green coconuts are harvested either from the ground with knives attached to long sticks or by climbing up. At the ground, the thick layer of fibers is removed and the hard brown shell is broken open. The inner cavity of the coconut contains up to 1 liter of a sweetish liquid called coconut water. This is almost fat-free and is surrounded by the white, 1 to 2 cm thick pulp, also known as copra. The copra contains between 45 - 50% water, which is why it must first be dried to a maximum of 5%. The fat content is 63 - 70%. Coconut oil is obtained by crushing the dried copra and pressing it.

The ideal climate for coconut palms is an average annual temperature of 27°C with high rainfall of 1000 to 5000 mm annually, with an optimum of 1200 to 2300 mm. The temperature must not fall below 20°C, otherwise the palm tree will not flower. This climate prevails between 15° north and south latitude. Occasionally the cultivation takes place up to 26° northern and southern latitude.

After 15 years, the coconut palms reach their peak performance and an average of 30 - 40 ripe fruits per palm can be harvested per year, under optimal conditions up to 80 fruits per year.

Per hectare there are harvests of 9,000 to 12,000 fruits per year.

Coconut palms reach a maximum age between 100 and 120 years. In optimal locations, coconuts grow continuously on the palms for up to 80 years.

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Cultivation & yield

The main growing countries along the entire tropical belt are Indonesia, the Philippines and India. Other growing areas are Sri Lanka, Brazil, Vietnam, Papua New Guinea, Mexico and Thailand. The coconut palm is thermophilic and cannot tolerate frost. For this reason, the main areas of cultivation are located near the equator in the warm and humid tropics.

Coconut palms supply about 8% of the total world plant demand. In 2018, the global coconut harvest was 61.9 million tons.

Background / history

Unfortunately, the exact origin of the coconut palm cannot be determined. South America, the South Sea Islands or the Indonesian area are possible. The coconut plant spread so far, because it has been proven that coconuts can drift 4500 km germinate with the sea current. The coconut palm has been used for over 3000 years.

The English captain Boyd brought the first coconuts to England in 1820, although coconut palms had been cultivated according to plan by Dutch and Portuguese colonies since 1740.

25,000 kg
Tank truck

900 kg

180 kg

25 kg

25 kg

General durability: IBC, bucket & box 12 months, drum 18 months

Nutritional values & composition

Nutritional value (per 100g)
Energy 3,700 kJ / 900 kcal
Fat 100 g
Saturated fatty acids 91 g
Monounsaturated fatty acids 7 g
Polyunsaturated fatty acids 2 g

Fatty acids ratio


C12:0 Lauric acid 40 – 52 %
C14:0 Myristic acid 13 – 22 %
C18:1 Oleic acid 3 – 12 %
C18:2 Linoleic acid max. 4 %

You want to buy Coconut oil?

Request now free of charge and without obligation from Gustav Heess. We deliver Coconut oil ...

  • worldwide
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We offer Coconut oil in the following packaging units:

  • 25,000 kg
    Tank truck
  • 900 kg
  • 180 kg
  • 25 kg
  • 25 kg

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