Our Argan oil qualities
We carry Argan oil in the following qualities for you
|Argan oil cold pressed
|Argan oil cold pressed toasted
|Organic argan oil deodorized
|Organic argan oil cold pressed
|Organic argan oil cold pressed toasted
Roasted argan oil has a nutty taste and is used in the modern kitchen for cold and warm dishes as a delicacy. The cold pressed unroasted quality is suitable for cosmetic use, especially for natural products.
Argan tree & Argan fruit
The argan tree (Argania spinosa) is one of the endemic plants that grows exclusively in southwestern Morocco. The endangered evergreen tree can grow to a height of 12 meters, tolerates extreme heat very well as well as long dry periods. Its treetop is very extensive and can reach a circumference of up to 60 meters. Characteristic is also the bark called "snake skin". The yellowish flowers appear after the fifth life year. The leaves and fruits of the argan tree are a source of food for sheep, goats and camels. These defy the sharp, hard thorns that keep most of the enemies away. Goats often climb into the crown of the argan tree to get better access to the leaves and fruits. The argan fruits resemble large olives, but are yellow in colour and have a bitter taste. Inside, the fruit contains an almond-sized kernel with one to three seeds. The ripening period of the fruit is about one year. After 50 to 60 years, argan trees bear full fruit, which corresponds to a yield of 30 kg of fruit. From this, about 21 kg argan nuts with 3 kg argan seeds are obtained. For one liter of oil, about three kilograms of nut kernels and one working day are needed.
After the ripe fruits have fallen to the ground, they are collected by the Berber women. They then remove the flesh from the hard nut and crack it laboriously with the help of a stone. The kernels are dried in the sun for several weeks and if necessary roasted on an open fire.
The argan tree is very frugal and needs only a few nutrients and water. The tree can even survive longer periods of drought and temperatures above 50° Celsius due to its roots which are up to 30 meters deep. During the dry periods, however, no fruits are formed.
The average life expectancy of an argan tree is around 200 years, although trees up to 400 years old have been recorded.
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Cultivation & yield
The characterful argan tree grows almost exclusively in Morocco. Today, the occurrence of the tree is limited to an area of 820,000 ha in south-western Morocco. In 1998, this area was declared a biosphere reserve by UNESCO. The trees may still be used but may no longer be felled.
The harvest time is between July and September. Due to the many thorns on the argan tree, the fruits cannot be harvested directly from the tree. The brittle wood of the tree also prohibits shaking the tree. Therefore, one has to wait until the ripe fruits fall to the ground on their own. By the way, the collecting and processing of the argan nuts in Morocco is traditionally a woman's job.
Background / history
The tree was widespread in Europe and Africa over 80 million years ago. Due to climatic changes, its area of distribution has shrunk to an area of approx. 820,000 ha in southwest Morocco. Until the middle of the 90s the value of the argan oil was not seen. At that time women still sold it at the roadside. Only after the area was declared a biosphere reserve by UNESCO in 1998, the traditional oil production of the Berbers was recognized as an intangible cultural heritage of mankind in November 2014.
General durability: drum 18 months, canister 12 months
Nutritional values & composition
|3,700 kJ / 900 kcal
|Saturated fatty acids
|Monounsaturated fatty acids
|Polyunsaturated fatty acids
Fatty acids ratio
|C16:0 Palmitic acid
|10 – 15 %
|C18:1 Oleic acid
|43 – 50 %
|C18:2 Linoleic acid
|29 – 37 %